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Arctic Report Card: Update for 2021

Rapid and pronounced warming continues to drive the evolution of the Arctic environment

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Arctic Report Card 2021

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Arctic Essays

Authors and Affiliations

A. Ahmasuk, Marine Advocate, Kawerak Inc., Nome, AK, USA

T. J. Ballinger, International Arctic Research Center, University of Alaska Fairbanks, Fairbanks, AK, USA

L. T. Berner, Geophysical Institute, University of Alaska Fairbanks, Fairbanks, AK, USA

U. S. Bhatt, Geophysical Institute, University of Alaska Fairbanks, Fairbanks, AK, USA

J. W. Bjerke, Norwegian Institute for Nature Research, FRAM - High North Research Centre for Climate and the Environment, Tromsø, Norway

J. E. Box, Geological Survey of Denmark and Greenland, Copenhagen, Denmark

B. Brettschneider, National Weather Service Alaska Region, NOAA, Anchorage, AK, USA

M. Brubaker, Alaska Native Tribal Health Consortiuhvidm, Anchorage, AK, USA

J. Cappelen, Danish Meteorological Institute, Copenhagen, Denmark

S. R. Carroll (Ahtna), Mel & Enid Zuckerman College of Public Health and Native Nations Institute, University of Arizona, Tucson, AZ, USA

J. A. Clark, Geophysical Institute, University of Alaska Fairbanks, Fairbanks, AK, USA

J. A. Coe, Geologic Hazards Science Center, USGS, Golden, CO, USA

J. C. Comiso, Cryospheric Sciences Laboratory, Goddard Space Flight Center, NASA, Greenbelt, MD, USA

L. W. Cooper, Chesapeake Biological Laboratory, University of Maryland Center for Environmental Science, Solomons, MD, USA

J. N. Cross, Pacific Marine Environmental Laboratory, NOAA, Seattle, WA, USA

B. Decharme, Météo-France/CNRS, Centre National de Recherches Météorologiques, Toulouse, France

C. Derksen, Climate Research Division, Environment and Climate Change Canada, Toronto, ON, Canada

D. Divine, Norwegian Polar Institute, Fram Centre, Tromsø, Norway

M. L. Druckenmiller, Cooperative Institute for Research in Environmental Sciences, University of Colorado Boulder, Boulder, CO, USA; National Snow and Ice Data Center, Boulder, CO, USA

A. Elias Chereque, Department of Physics, University of Toronto, Toronto, ON, Canada

H. E. Epstein, Department of Environmental Sciences, University of Virginia, Charlottesville, VA, USA

K. S. Erickson (Inupiaq), Ikaaġun Engagement, Anchorage, AK, USA

S. Farrell, Department of Geographical Sciences, University of Maryland, College Park, MD, USA

R. S. Fausto, Geological Survey of Denmark and Greenland, Copenhagen, Denmark

D. B. Ferguson, Department of Environmental Science, University of Arizona, Tucson, AZ, USA

X. Fettweis, SPHERES Research Unit, University of Liège, Liège, Belgium

G. Fiske, Woodwell Climate Research Center, Falmouth, MA, USA

B. C. Forbes, Arctic Centre, University of Lapland, Rovaniemi, Finland

K. E. Frey, Graduate School of Geography, Clark University, Worcester, MA, USA

G. V. Frost, Alaska Biological Research, Inc., Fairbanks, AK, USA

S. Gerland, Norwegian Polar Institute, Fram Centre, Tromsø, Norway

S. J. Goetz, School of Informatics, Computing and Cyber Systems, Northern Arizona University, Flagstaff, AZ, USA

J. M. Grebmeier, Chesapeake Biological Laboratory, University of Maryland Center for Environmental Science, Solomons, MD, USA

C. Haas, Alfred Wegener Institute, Helmholtz Centre for Polar and Marine Research, Bremerhaven, Germany

E. Hanna, School of Geography and Lincoln Centre for Water and Planetary Health, University of Lincoln, Lincoln, UK

I. Hanssen-Bauer, Norwegian Meteorological Institute, Blindern, Oslo, Norway

S. Hendricks, Alfred Wegener Institute, Helmholtz Centre for Polar and Marine Research, Bremerhaven, Germany

R. M. Holmes, Woodwell Climate Research Center, Falmouth, MA, USA

H. Hvidtfeldt Christiansen, The University Centre in Svalbard, UNIS, Svalbard, Norway

F. Ivanoff, Norton Sound Economic Development Corporation, Unalakleet, AK, USA

M. Jacquemart, Laboratory of Hydraulics, Hydrology, and Glaciology (VAW), Department of Civil, Environmental and Geomatic Engineering, ETH Zurich, Zurich, Switzerland; Swiss Federal Institute of Forest, Snow, and Landscape Research (WSL), Birmensdorf, Switzerland

M. B. Jäger (Citizen Potawatomi Nation), Native Nations Institute, University of Arizona, Tucson, AZ, USA

L. L. Jennings (Wixárika & Pascua Yaqui), Mel & Enid Zuckerman College of Public Health and Native Nations Institute, University of Arizona, Tucson, AZ, USA

N. Johnson, National Snow and Ice Data Center, Boulder, CO, USA; Cooperative Institute for Research in Environmental Sciences, University of Colorado Boulder, Boulder, CO, USA

B. M. Jones, Water and Environmental Research Center, Institute of Northern Engineering, University of Alaska Fairbanks, Fairbanks, AK, USA

A. R. Juan (Tohono O'odham Nation), International Indian Treaty Council, Tucson, AZ, USA

A. Kääb, Department of Geosciences, University of Oslo, Oslo, Norway

L. Kaleschke, Alfred Wegener Institute, Helmholtz Centre for Polar and Marine Research, Bremerhaven, Germany

S. -J. Kim, Korea Polar Research Institute, Incheon, Republic of Korea

J. Koonooka, Tribal Council, Native Village of Gambell, Gambell, AK, USA

N. J. Korsgaard, Geological Survey of Denmark and Greenland, Copenhagen, Denmark

Z. Labe, Colorado State University, Fort Collins, CO, USA

M. J. Lara, Department of Plant Biology, University of Illinois, Urbana, IL, USA; Department of Geography, University of Illinois, Urbana, IL, USA

S. Larson (Ahtna and Supiaq), Chickaloon Village Traditional Council, Chickaloon, AK, USA

A. K. Liljedahl, Woodwell Climate Research Center, Falmouth, MA, USA

B. D. Loomis, Goddard Space Flight Center, NASA, Greenbelt, MD, USA

F. Løvholt, Geohazards and Dynamics, NGI, Oslo, Norway

K. Luojus, Arctic Research Centre, Finnish Meteorological Institute, Helsinki, Finland

M. J. Macander, Alaska Biological Research, Inc., Fairbanks, AK, USA

K. D. Mankoff, Geological Survey of Denmark and Greenland, Copenhagen, Denmark

P. Marsh, Department of Geography, Wilfrid Laurier University, Waterloo, ON, Canada

J. W. McClelland, Marine Science Institute, University of Texas at Austin, Port Aransas, TX, USA

W. N. Meier, National Snow and Ice Data Center, Boulder, CO, USA; Cooperative Institute for Research in Environmental Sciences, University of Colorado Boulder, Boulder, CO, USA

T. A. Moon, Cooperative Institute for Research in Environmental Sciences, University of Colorado Boulder, Boulder, CO, USA; National Snow and Ice Data Center, Boulder, CO, USA

T. L. Mote, Department of Geography, University of Georgia, Athens, GA, USA

L. Mudryk, Climate Research Division, Environment and Climate Change Canada, Toronto, ON, Canada

S. Natali, Woodwell Climate Research Center, Falmouth, MA, USA

A. Niemi, Freshwater Institute, Fisheries and Oceans Canada, Winnipeg, MB, Canada

A. Noongwook, Tribal Council, Native Village of Savoonga, Savoonga, AK, USA

J. E. Overland, Pacific Marine Environmental Laboratory, NOAA, Seattle, WA, USA

T. Park, Ames Research Center, NASA, Mountain View, CA, USA; Bay Area Environmental Research Institute, Moffett Field, CA, USA

D. Perovich, Thayer School of Engineering, Dartmouth College, Hanover, NH, USA

A. A. Petty, Goddard Space Flight Center, NASA, Greenbelt, MD, USA

G. K. Phoenix, School of Biosciences, University of Sheffield, Sheffield, UK

D. J. Pilcher, Pacific Marine Environmental Laboratory, NOAA, Seattle, WA, USA; Cooperative Institute for Climate, Ocean, and Ecosystem Studies, University of Washington, Seattle, WA, USA

R. Ricker, Norwegian Research Centre, Tromsø, Norway

F. Rosell, Department of Natural Sciences and Environmental Health, University of South-Eastern Norway, Bø, Norway

A. C. A. Rudy, Northwest Territories Geological Survey, Government of the Northwest Territories, Yellowknife, NT, Canada

L. Scott, Woodwell Climate Research Center, Falmouth, MA, USA

S. P. Serbin, Environmental and Climate Sciences Department, Brookhaven National Laboratory, Upton, NY, USA

G. Sheffield, Alaska Sea Grant, Marine Advisory Program, University of Alaska Fairbanks, Nome, AK, USA

A. I. Shiklomanov, University of New Hampshire, Durham, NH, USA; Arctic and Antarctic Research Institute, St. Petersburg, Russia

W. K. S. Smythe (Haida), American Indian Studies and Earth and Environmental Science, University of Minnesota Duluth, Duluth, MN, USA

R. G. M. Spencer, Florida State University, Tallahassee, FL, USA

K. M. Stafford, Applied Physics Laboratory, University of Washington, Seattle, WA, USA

A. Steer, Norwegian Polar Institute, Fram Centre, Tromsø, Norway

N. Steiner, Institute of Ocean Sciences, Fisheries and Oceans Canada, Sidney, BC, Canada

L. V. Stock, Cryospheric Sciences Laboratory, Goddard Space Flight Center, NASA, Greenbelt, MD, USA

C. Strawhacker, Office of Polar Programs, National Science Foundation, Alexandria, VA, USA

D. Streletskiy, Department of Geography, The George Washington University, Washington, DC, USA

A. Suslova, Woodwell Climate Research Center, Falmouth, MA, USA

S. E. Tank, University of Alberta, Edmonton, AB, Canada

K. D. Tape, Geophysical Institute, University of Alaska Fairbanks, Fairbanks, AK, USA

M. Tedesco, Lamont-Doherty Earth Observatory, Columbia University, Palisades, NY, USA; Goddard Institute of Space Studies, NASA, New York, NY, USA

R. L. Thoman, Alaska Center for Climate Assessment and Policy, University of Alaska Fairbanks, Fairbanks, AK, USA; International Arctic Research Center, University of Alaska Fairbanks, Fairbanks, AK, USA

X. Tian-Kunze, Alfred Wegener Institute, Helmholtz Centre for Polar and Marine Research, Bremerhaven, Germany

M. -L. Timmermans, Yale University, New Haven, CT, USA

H. Tømmervik, Norwegian Institute for Nature Research, FRAM - High North Research Centre for Climate and the Environment, Tromsø, Norway

M. Tretiakov, Arctic and Antarctic Research Institute, St. Petersburg, Russia

M. Tschudi, Aerospace Engineering Sciences, University of Colorado, Boulder, CO, USA

A. Walker (Akimel O'otham), Climate Science Alliance, San Diego, CA, USA

D. A. Walker, Institute of Arctic Biology, University of Alaska Fairbanks, Fairbanks, AK, USA

J. E. Walsh, International Arctic Research Center, University of Alaska Fairbanks, Fairbanks, AK, USA

M. Wang, Cooperative Institute for Climate, Ocean, and Ecosystem Studies, University of Washington, Seattle, WA, USA; Pacific Marine Environmental Laboratory, NOAA, Seattle, WA, USA

M. Webster, Geophysical Institute, University of Alaska Fairbanks, Fairbanks, AK, USA

A. Wehrlé, Institute of Geography, University of Zurich, Zurich, Switzerland

H. C. Wheeler, School of Life Sciences, Anglia Ruskin University, Cambridge, UK

Ø. A. Winton, Geological Survey of Denmark and Greenland, Copenhagen, Denmark

G. J. Wolken, International Arctic Research Center, University of Alaska Fairbanks, Fairbanks, AK, USA; Alaska Division of Geological & Geophysical Surveys, Department of Natural Resources, Fairbanks, AK, USA

K. Wood, Cooperative Institute for Climate, Ocean, and Ecosystem Studies, University of Washington, Seattle, WA, USA; Pacific Marine Environmental Laboratory, NOAA, Seattle, WA, USA

D. Yang, Environmental and Climate Sciences Department, Brookhaven National Laboratory, Upton, NY, USA; Department of Ecology and Evolution, Stony Brook University, Stony Brook, NY, USA

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Issued annually since 2006, the Arctic Report Card is a timely and peer-reviewed source for clear, reliable and concise environmental information on the current state of different components of the Arctic environmental system relative to historical records. The Report Card is intended for a wide audience, including scientists, teachers, students, decision-makers and the general public interested in the Arctic environment and science.

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