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Arctic Report Card: Update for 2020

The sustained transformation to a warmer, less frozen and biologically changed Arctic remains clear

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About

15-Year Retrospective Analysis on AON

The Observational Foundation of the Arctic Report Card - a 15-Year Retrospective Analysis on the Arctic Observing Network (AON) and Insights for the Future System

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Other Indicators

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Arctic Essays

Authors and Affiliations

L. M. Andreassen, Section for Glaciers, Ice and Snow, Norwegian Water Resources and Energy Directorate, Oslo, Norway

T. J. Ballinger, International Arctic Research Center, University of Alaska Fairbanks, Fairbanks, AK, USA

A. Baranskaya, Faculty of Geography, Lomonosov Moscow State University, Moscow, Russia

N. Belova, Faculty of Geography, Lomonosov Moscow State University, Moscow, Russia

M. Bendixen, Institute of Arctic and Alpine Research, University of Colorado, Boulder, CO, USA

L. T. Berner, School of Informatics, Computing and Cyber Systems, Northern Arizona University, Flagstaff, AZ, USA

U. S. Bhatt, Department of Atmospheric Sciences, University of Alaska Fairbanks, Fairbanks, AK, USA; Geophysical Institute, University of Alaska Fairbanks, Fairbanks, AK, USA

J. W. Bjerke, Norwegian Institute for Nature Research, FRAM - High North Research Centre for Climate and the Environment, Tromsø, Norway

J. E. Box, Geological Survey of Denmark and Greenland, Copenhagen, Denmark

R. Brown, Climate Research Division, Environment and Climate Change Canada, Ottawa, ON, Canada

D. Burgess, Geological Survey of Canada, Ottawa, ON, Canada

M. Bushuk, Geophysical Fluid Dynamics Laboratory, NOAA, Princeton, NJ, USA

J. Cappelen, Danish Meteorological Institute, Copenhagen, Denmark

J. C. Comiso, Cryospheric Sciences Laboratory, Goddard Space Flight Center, NASA, Greenbelt, MD, USA

L. W. Cooper, Chesapeake Biological Laboratory, University of Maryland Center for Environmental Science, Solomons, MD, USA

E. Damm, Alfred Wegener Institute, Helmholtz Center for Polar and Marine Research, Bremerhaven, Germany

B. Decharme, Centre National de Recherches Météorologiques, Toulouse, France

C. Derksen, Climate Research Division, Environment and Climate Change Canada, Ottawa, ON, Canada

K. Dethloff, Alfred Wegener Institute, Helmholtz Center for Polar and Marine Research, Potsdam, Germany

D. Divine, Norwegian Polar Institute, Fram Centre, Tromsø, Norway

M. L. Druckenmiller, National Snow and Ice Data Center, University of Colorado Boulder, Boulder, CO, USA

A. Elias Chereque, Department of Physics, University of Toronto, Toronto, ON, Canada

H. E. Epstein, Department of Environmental Sciences, University of Virginia, Charlottesville, VA, USA

L. M. Farquharson, Geophysical Institute, University of Alaska Fairbanks, Fairbanks, AK, USA

S. Farrell, NOAA Earth System Science Interdisciplinary Center, University of Maryland, College Park, MD, USA

R. S. Fausto, Geological Survey of Denmark and Greenland, Copenhagen, Denmark

X. Fettweis, University of Liege, Liege, Belgium

A. A. Fong, Alfred Wegener Institute, Helmholtz Center for Polar and Marine Research, Bremerhaven, Germany

B. C. Forbes, Arctic Centre, University of Lapland, Rovaniemi, Finland

K. E. Frey, Graduate School of Geography, Clark University, Worcester, MA, USA

G. V. Frost, Alaska Biological Research, Inc., Fairbanks, AK, USA

E. Gargulinski, National Institute of Aerospace, Langley Research Center, NASA, Hampton, VA, USA

J. C. George, Department of Wildlife Management, North Slope Borough, Utqiaġvik, AK, USA

S. Gerland, Norwegian Polar Institute, Fram Centre, Tromsø, Norway

A. E. Gibbs, U.S. Geological Survey, Pacific Coastal and Marine Science Center, Santa Cruz, CA, USA

S. J. Goetz, School of Informatics, Computing and Cyber Systems, Northern Arizona University, Flagstaff, AZ, USA

Z. Grabinski, Alaska Fire Science Consortium, International Arctic Research Center, University of Alaska Fairbanks, Fairbanks, AK, USA

R. Gradinger, Department of Arctic and Marine Biology, University of Tromsø, Tromsø, Norway

J. M. Grebmeier, Chesapeake Biological Laboratory, University of Maryland Center for Environmental Science, Solomons, MD, USA

M. Grigoriev, Mel'nikov Permafrost Institute, Siberian Branch, Russian Academy of Sciences, Yakutsk, Russia

G. Grosse, Alfred Wegener Institute, Helmholtz Centre for Polar and Marine Research, Potsdam, Germany; Institute of Geosciences, University of Potsdam, Potsdam, Germany

C. Haas, Alfred Wegener Institute, Helmholtz Centre for Polar and Marine Research, Bremerhaven, Germany

E. Hanna, School of Geography and Lincoln Centre for Water and Planetary Health, University of Lincoln, Lincoln, UK

I. Hanssen-Bauer, Norwegian Meteorological Institute, Blindern, Oslo, Norway

S. Hendricks, Alfred Wegener Institute, Helmholtz Centre for Polar and Marine Research, Bremerhaven, Germany

C. Heuzé, Department of Earth Sciences, University of Gothenburg, Göteborg, Sweden

M. M. Holland, Climate and Global Dynamics Laboratory, National Center for Atmospheric Research, Boulder, CO, USA

A. M. Irrgang, Alfred Wegener Institute, Helmholtz Centre for Polar and Marine Research, Potsdam, Germany

A. Jahn, Department of Atmospheric and Oceanic Sciences and Institute of Arctic and Alpine Research, University of Colorado, Boulder, CO, USA

P. Jain, Natural Resources Canada, Canadian Forest Service, Northern Forestry Centre, Edmonton, Alberta, Canada

B. M. Jones, Institute of Northern Engineering, University of Alaska Fairbanks, Fairbanks, AK, USA

L. Kaleschke, Alfred Wegener Institute, Helmholtz Centre for Polar and Marine Research, Bremerhaven, Germany

J. T. Kerby, Aarhus Institute of Advanced Studies, Aarhus University, Aarhus, Denmark

S. -J. Kim, Korea Polar Research Institute, Incheon, Republic of Korea

J. Kohler, Norwegian Polar Institute, Tromsø, Norway

N. J. Korsgaard, Geological Survey of Denmark and Greenland, Copenhagen, Denmark

A. Kroon, Department of Geosciences and Natural Resource Management, University of Copenhagen, Copenhagen, Denmark

Z. Labe, Colorado State University, Fort Collins, CO, USA

H. Lantuit, Alfred Wegener Institute, Helmholtz Centre for Polar and Marine Research, Potsdam, Germany

B. Loomis, Goddard Space Flight Center, NASA, Greenbelt, MD, USA

B. Loose, Graduate School of Oceanography, University of Rhode Island, South Kingston, RI, USA

B. Luks, Institute of Geophysics, Polish Academy of Sciences, Warsaw, Poland

K. Luojus, Arctic Research Centre, Finnish Meteorological Institute, Helsinki, Finland

M. J. Macander, Alaska Biological Research, Inc., Fairbanks, AK, USA

C. Maio, Geography, University of Alaska Fairbanks, Fairbanks, AK, USA

A. Makarov, Arctic and Antarctic Research Institute, St. Petersburg, Russia

K. D. Mankoff, Geological Survey of Denmark and Greenland, Copenhagen, Denmark

A. Maslakov, Faculty of Geography, Lomonosov Moscow State University, Moscow, Russia

W. Maslowski, Department of Oceanography, Naval Postgraduate School, Monterey, CA, USA

W. Meier, Cooperative Institute for Research in Environmental Sciences, University of Colorado Boulder, Boulder, CO, USA; National Snow and Ice Data Center, Boulder, CO, USA

T. A. Moon, Cooperative Institute for Research in Environmental Sciences, University of Colorado Boulder, Boulder, CO, USA; National Snow and Ice Data Center, Boulder, CO, USA

S. E. Moore, Center for Ecosystem Sentinels, University of Washington, Seattle, WA, USA

T. Mote, Department of Geography, University of Georgia, Athens, GA, USA

L. Mudryk, Climate Research Division, Environment and Climate Change Canada, Ottawa, ON, Canada

I. Myers-Smith, School of GeoSciences, University of Edinburgh, Edinburgh, UK

M. Nicolaus, Alfred Wegener Institute, Helmholtz Center for Polar and Marine Research, Bremerhaven, Germany

I. Nitze, Alfred Wegener Institute, Helmholtz Centre for Polar and Marine Research, Potsdam, Germany

S. Ogorodov, Faculty of Geography, Lomonosov Moscow State University, Moscow, Russia

J. Overbeck, Alaska Division of Geological & Geophysical Surveys, Anchorage, AK, USA

P. Overduin, Alfred Wegener Institute, Helmholtz Centre for Polar and Marine Research, Potsdam, Germany

J. E. Overland, Pacific Marine Environmental Laboratory, NOAA, Seattle, WA, USA

T. Park, Ames Research Center, NASA, Mountain View, CA, USA; Bay Area Environmental Research Institute, Moffett Field, Mountain View, CA, USA

O. Pavlova, Norwegian Polar Institute, Fram Centre, Tromsø, Norway

D. Perovich, Thayer School of Engineering, Dartmouth College, Hanover, NH, USA

A. A. Petty, Goddard Space Flight Center, NASA, Greenbelt, MD, USA

G. K. Phoenix, Department of Animal and Plant Sciences, University of Sheffield, Sheffield, UK

B. Rabe, Alfred Wegener Institute, Helmholtz Center for Polar and Marine Research, Bremerhaven, Germany

M. K. Raynolds, Institute of Arctic Biology, University of Alaska Fairbanks, Fairbanks, AK, USA

C. H. Reijmer, Institute for Marine and Atmospheric Research Utrecht, Utrecht University, Utrecht, The Netherlands

M. Rex, Alfred Wegener Institute, Helmholtz Center for Polar and Marine Research, Potsdam, Germany

J. Richter-Menge, Institute of Northern Engineering, University of Alaska Fairbanks, Fairbanks, AK, USA

R. Ricker, Alfred Wegener Institute, Helmholtz Centre for Polar and Marine Research, Bremerhaven, Germany

A. Rinke, Alfred Wegener Institute, Helmholtz Center for Polar and Marine Research, Potsdam, Germany

A. Roberts, Theoretical Division, Los Alamos National Laboratory, Los Alamos, NM, USA

V. E. Romanovsky, Geophysical Institute, University of Alaska Fairbanks, Fairbanks, AK, USA

R. Schnell, Cooperative Institute for Research in Environmental Sciences, University of Colorado Boulder, Boulder, CO, USA; Global Monitoring Laboratory, NOAA, Boulder, CO, USA

C. Schultz, Global Monitoring Laboratory, NOAA, Boulder, CO, USA

H. Shapiro, Arctic Research Consortium of the United States, Fairbanks, AK, USA

M. Sharp, Department of Earth and Atmospheric Sciences, University of Alberta, Edmonton, AB, Canada

M. D. Shupe, Cooperative Institute for Research in Environmental Sciences, University of Colorado Boulder, Boulder, CO, USA; Physical Sciences Laboratory, NOAA, Boulder, CO, USA

A. Sinitsyn, SINTEF AS, SINTEF Community, Trondheim, Norway

C. J. P. P. Smeets, Department of Physical Geography, Utrecht University, Utrecht, The Netherlands

A. Soja, National Institute of Aerospace, Langley Research Center, NASA, Hampton, VA, USA

V. Sokolov, Arctic and Antarctic Research Institute, St. Petersburg, Russia

A. Sommerfeld, Alfred Wegener Institute, Helmholtz Center for Polar and Marine Research, Potsdam, Germany

D. Stanitski, Global Monitoring Laboratory, NOAA, Boulder, CO, USA

S. Starkweather, Cooperative Institute for Research in Environmental Sciences, University of Colorado Boulder, Boulder, CO, USA; Earth System Research Laboratory, NOAA, Boulder, CO, USA

L. V. Stock, Cryospheric Sciences Laboratory, Goddard Space Flight Center, NASA, Greenbelt, MD, USA

M. C. Strzelecki, Institute of Geography and Regional Development, University of Wroclaw, Wroclaw, Poland

M. Tedesco, Lamont Doherty Earth Observatory of Columbia University, Palisades, NY, USA; Goddard Institute of Space Studies, NASA, New York, NY, USA

J. G. M. Thewissen, Department of Anatomy and Neurobiology, Northeast Ohio Medical University, Rootstown, OH, USA

R. L. Thoman, Alaska Center for Climate Assessment and Policy, University of Alaska Fairbanks, Fairbanks, AK, USA; International Arctic Research Center, University of Alaska Fairbanks, Fairbanks, AK, USA

B. Thomas, Global Monitoring Laboratory, NOAA, Boulder, CO, USA

X. Tian-Kunze, Alfred Wegener Institute, Helmholtz Centre for Polar and Marine Research, Bremerhaven, Germany

M. -L. Timmermans, Yale University, New Haven, CT, USA

H. Tømmervik, Norwegian Institute for Nature Research, FRAM - High North Research Centre for Climate and the Environment, Tromsø, Norway

M. Tschudi, Aerospace Engineering Sciences, University of Colorado, Boulder, CO, USA

C. Tweedie, Department of Biology, University of Texas El Paso, El Paso, TX, USA

S. Vakhutinsky, National Snow and Ice Data Center, Boulder, CO, USA

D. van As, Geological Survey of Denmark and Greenland, Copenhagen, Denmark

R. S. W. van de Wal, Institute for Marine and Atmospheric Research Utrecht, Utrecht University, Utrecht, The Netherlands; Department of Physical Geography, Utrecht University, Utrecht, The Netherlands

B. Vasel, Global Monitoring Laboratory, NOAA, Boulder, CO, USA

G. Vieira, Centre of Geographical Studies, Institute of Geography and Spatial Planning, University of Lisbon, Portugal

D. A. Walker, Institute of Arctic Biology, University of Alaska Fairbanks, Fairbanks, AK, USA

J. E. Walsh, International Arctic Research Center, University of Alaska Fairbanks, Fairbanks, AK, USA

M. Wang, Pacific Marine Environmental Laboratory, NOAA, Seattle, WA, USA; Cooperative Institute for Climate, Ocean, and Ecosystem Studies, University of Washington, Seattle, WA, USA

M. Webster, Geophysical Institute, University of Alaska Fairbanks, Fairbanks, AK, USA

D. Whalen, Natural Resources Canada, Geological Survey of Canada-Atlantic, Dartmouth, Nova Scotia, Canada

G. J. Wolken, International Arctic Research Center, University of Alaska Fairbanks, Fairbanks, AK, USA; Alaska Division of Geological & Geophysical Surveys, Fairbanks, AK, USA

K. Wood, Cooperative Institute for Climate, Ocean, and Ecosystem Studies, University of Washington, Seattle, WA, USA; Pacific Marine Environmental Laboratory, NOAA, Seattle, WA, USA

B. Wouters, Institute for Marine and Atmospheric Research, Utrecht University, Utrecht, The Netherlands; Department of Geoscience & Remote Sensing, Delft University of Technology, Delft, The Netherlands

A. York, Alaska Fire Science Consortium, International Arctic Research Center, University of Alaska Fairbanks, Fairbanks, AK, USA

P. Zagórski, Institute of Earth and Environmental Sciences, Marie Curie Skłodowska University, Lublin, Poland

R. Ziel, Alaska Fire Science Consortium, International Arctic Research Center, University of Alaska Fairbanks, Fairbanks, AK, USA

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Issued annually since 2006, the Arctic Report Card is a timely and peer-reviewed source for clear, reliable and concise environmental information on the current state of different components of the Arctic environmental system relative to historical records. The Report Card is intended for a wide audience, including scientists, teachers, students, decision-makers and the general public interested in the Arctic environment and science.

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